Disk Duplexing

What is Disk Duplexing?

Disk duplexing refers to a specific process followed for writing information or data to more than one hard drive on separate disk controllers. The process allows for writing data to two different drives on the same system.

More specifically, this is a method to record redundant data specially intended for fault tolerant operations. Technically, in this process, every disk drive is connected to an individual controller.

Understanding Disk Duplexing

What is Disk Duplexing

When data or information is written on two different hard drives by using two different disc controllers for each, it is called disk duplexing.

Since disk duplexing involves the copying of data in such a way, it may be conceptualized as data mirroring.

Though the disk duplexing process is quite similar to disk mirroring, in effect, it uses separate disk controllers or host adapters as opposed to the one used in the data mirroring process.

This means that data mirroring is a type of data duplication by using a single channel, but disk duplexing typically refers to data copying on hard drives on separate channels.

At this point, it is important to note that mirroring a hard drive to another physical disk in a system is allowed only when both of these drives are of the similar logical size.

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Typically, the data storage units such as the tape backups and disk subsystems perform as the fundamental components for Local Area Network (LAN) and Wide Area Network (WAN) that allow for internetworking.

Ideally, it has become the fastest growing zone within the computer industry due to the crucial role that these components play.

These components underline the significance of ensuring the integrity of data especially in the mission critical environments.

Disk duplexing, along with disk mirroring, is the most popular means for addressing this specific necessity in networking.

Importance

The importance of disk duplexing can be best understood when you know the nature of the hard drives.

Typically, the hard drives are mechanical entities since they come with moving parts inside, such as the spinning disc, which is why they are also referred to as hard disks.

Just like any other mechanical device, the physically moving parts inside the hard drives are more vulnerable to failure due to wear and tear.

Disk duplexing on the hard drives helps in maintaining copies of every bit of data on a physically separate drive within the computer system.

In the event of disk failure on the primary drive, the secondary drive functions as the backup unit.

This, therefore, prevents delays in the operation or it stops completely. And, as said earlier, disk duplexing maintains data integrity within the disk subsystem.

Fault Tolerance Concept

Typically, the disk duplexing phenomenon is based on the fault tolerance concept derived from Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks or RAID.

Fault tolerance guarantees improvement in performance on the basis of disk duplexing on a group of hard disks.

These disks operate together to allow for error recovery as well through different techniques such as:

The two physical drives with individual controllers are plugged into the motherboards that do not have RAID circuits.

Most motherboards today, however, have it built into them but that does not mean all of them come with all of the RAID configurations.

In larger Storage Area Networks (SAN), usually with a couple of terabytes of storage, usually have floor-standing RAID units.

These have massive amounts of cache memory as well, and are used in desktop computers by gamers for additional speed and by businesses and other professionals for additional reliability.

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Working Process

Disk duplexing allows additional data protection when a hard disk fails or when the hard drive channel between the server and the particular disk fails.

As already mentioned, it is provided by copying data onto two separate hard drives at the same time but each of them on a different disk channel.

This hard disk channel comes with the following:

Since each drive is on a separate channel, there is no interruption in the work routines or data loss even if one component on a particular channel fails.

When there is a failure, a warning message is sent by the operating system to the user console which states that a component in the drive or the drive itself has failed.

This provides the users with a chance to reinstate the duplexing protection after the failure as soon as possible without letting the workflow be interrupted.

Features

Disk duplexing has a few specific features that are also good to know at this juncture.

Complete data protection is not guaranteed:

Disk duplexing by itself does not assure complete data protection. This is because the chances of both the drives failing at the same time, or even the computer system as a whole, still exists.

This means that your data can still be potentially lost forever. Therefore, create a proper backup of your data on a regular basis.

Faster data transfer:

As said earlier, disk duplexing involves copying data on a different drive through different channels at the same time.

This allows a much faster data transfer than disk mirroring which involves only one channel while writing data to two different physical disks.

Split seeks:

Disk duplexing allows split seeks as well, where read requests are sent to the disk that responds first.

Even if there are several read requests, these are split between the two duplexed disks. This allows for simultaneous data processing.

Disk Duplexing vs Disk Mirroring

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Conclusion

As you can see from this article, duplexing is quite a useful way to protect data.

It is very easy to use and is also quite a cost-effective way to add to the integrity and reliability of data, which is mainly because it is done by using two diverse channels.

It is best for large sets of data that do not need regular backing up.